Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Proving the Hanafi method of Salaah

CHAPTER THIRTY-THREE

PROVING THE HANAFI METHOD OF SALAAH

1. When making Takbeer-e-Tahrirna (to begin one's Salaah), it is Sunnat for men to raise their hands until their ears. Doing so is proven by many Ahadith. For the sake of brevity, we present only a few:

1. Hadrat Maalik ibn Huwairath رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "When the Prophet صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to make Takbeer, he would lift his blessed hands until his cars." 33.1 Other words of Hadith state that he lifted them until his earlobes. - Bukhari. Muslim, Tahaawi

2. Hadrat Baraa ibn Aazib رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ narrates, "I saw the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم lifting his hands until his ears when beginning namaaz, After that, he would never lift his hands (until his ears) again during the Salaah.'.33.1a -Abu Dawood

3. Hadrat Wail ibn Hajar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ says, "I saw Rasoolullahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم lift his hands when entering narnaaz.' 33.2 Another narrator states that he used to lift them to his ears and thereafter cover his hands in his clothes.-­Muslim

4. Hadrat Abu Qulaaba رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "Maalik ibn Huwairath رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ saw the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم lift his hands until his earlobes when making Takbeer-e-Tahrirna and lifting his head from Ruku.' 33.3 - Bukhari, Abu Dawood, Nasaa.

5. And Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ to narrates, "I saw the Prophet lift his hands until his ears when he made the Takbeer-e- Tahrima of Narnaaz.' 33.4 _ Mustadraq, Daar Qutni, Baihaqi

2. To tie the hands below the navel in Salaah is also Sunnah. Many Ahadith confirm this:

1. Hadrat Wail ibn Hajar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "I the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم place his right hand over his left, below his navel, namaaz. Ibn Abi Shaiba رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ has narrated this Hadith with a Sahih chain (sanad). All of its narrators are credible.

2. Ibn Shaaheen رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ reports that Hadrat Ali رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہonce said, "There are three habits of prophethood: hunying in breaking the fast, delaying Sehri and placing the right handover the left below the navel in Namaaz.”33.6

3. Hadrat Ali رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "In Namaaz, to place the hand on the other (and in another narration: "to place the right hand over the left") below the navel is Sunnat., 33.6a -Daar Qutni

4. Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "To place the right hand over the left below the navel is one of the characteristics of prophethood." 33.7 Ibn Hazam

5. Hadrat Abu Jubaifa رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states that Hadrat Ali رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ once said, "To tie the hands in namaaz is Sunnat, and both must be placed below the navel." 33.8 -Razeen

3. In Salaah, to silently read Bismillah before Surah Fatiha is also Sunnat.

Audible recitation should commence with Surah Fatiha:

1. Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ narrates, "I performed Salaah behind Rasoolullahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم , Hadrat Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ and did not hear any of them read 'Bismillaahir-Rahmanir-Raheem'." 33.9 - Muslim, Bukhari, Ahmad

2. Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "Indeed the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, Hadrat Abu Bakr and Umar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ used to begin their recitation (Qirat) with 'Alhamdulillahi Rabbil-Aalameen'." 33.10 - Muslim

3. Hadrat Anas رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ says, "Undoubtedly, the Noble Messengerصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم, Hadrat Abu Bakr and Umar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ, used to recite 'Bismillaahir­Rahmanir-Raheem' softly." - Tabrani, Abu Nuaim, Ibn Khuzaima, Tahaawi

4. Ibn Abi Shaiba reports, "Hadrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ used to recite 'Bismillah', 'A'uzubillah' and 'Rabbanaa lakal-Hamd' softly." 33.12

5. And Hadrat Aisha رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہا states, "The Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used to be in his Salaah with Takbeer and his Qirat with "Al-Hamdu ...” 33.13 ­Muslim, Abu Dawood

4. When performing Namaaz behind an Imam, for a follower (muqtadi) to recite the Holy Quran is strictly prohibited. This is proven from Quranic ayats and Ahadith.

Quranic Ayats:

I. "When the Holy Quran is recited, listen attentively to it and remain silent so that you may be shown mercy." 33.14 _ Surah Aaraaf Verse 204

2. "And stand for Allahعزوجل in obedience (silence)." 33.15 _ Surah Baqarah, Verse 238

Ahadith:

1. Hadrat Ataa ibn Yasaar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ asked the Sahaabi, Hadrat Zaid ibn Haarith رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ, about recitation (Qirat) with the Imam “انہ سئل زید ابن ثابت عن القراء ۃ مع الامام فقال لا قراءۃ مع الامام فی شیء” .He answered, "Qirat is completely not allowed with the Imam."- Muslim, Baabu Sujoodit- Tilaawat

2. Hadrat Abu Bakr رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ to once asked Salmaan, "What do you think about the Hadith of Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ .He replied, "It is entirely sound (Sahih)." 33.16 In other words, the Hadith "When the Imam makes Qirat, you must remain silent" is Sahih. - Muslim, Baabut­Tashahud

3. Hadrat Jaabir رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ narrates, "The person who performed namaaz but didn't recite Surah Fatiha has not performed namaaz, except for when he behind an Imam (In other words, he shouldn’t recite Surah Fatiha at that time). 33.17- Tirmidhi

4. Hadrat Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ reports that Sayyiduna Rasoolullahصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم said, "The Imam has been ppointed so that he may be followed. So, when he makes Takbecr, you make Takbeer, and when he recites, you remain silent.” 33.18 - Nasaa'i

5. Hadrat Ali رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ narrates, "A man asked the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم "Should I recite behind the Imam or remain silent?" He replied, "Remain silent. The Imam is sufficient for you." 33.19 -Daar-Qutni

6. According to the Hanafi muzhab, every person reading Salaah (whether he is an Imam, follower or alone; or whether the namaaz is audible (Jahri) or silent (Sirri)) must say "Aameen" silently:

I. Hadrat Abu Hurairah رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states that the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم once said, "When the lmam says "Aarneen", you say it too, because whoever's Aameen conforms to the Aameen of the angels will have his previous sins forgiven." 33.20 - Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Maalik, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nasaa'i, Ibn Majah

This Hadith establishes that the previous sins of he whose "Aameen" corresponds to the "Aameen" of the angels arc forgiven, and it is apparent that the angels say "Aameen'' silently, since no one has heard it until today. Thus, we should also say "Aameen" softly.

2. Hadrat Waa'il ibn Hajar رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ states, "I performed Salaah behind the Holy Prophetصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم .When he reached “... walad-Daaleen", he. said "Aameen" while keeping his voice soft." 33.21 - Ahmed, Abu Dawood Tayaalsi, Abu Ya 'laa. Daar-Qutni, Mustatlrak

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